Lactic acids is a gentle ingredient that slough away dead skin cells without any irritation. Lactic acid works on the surface of the skin to stimulate cell turnover, reduce pigmentation and brighten the complexion. Along with that, lactic acid is also known to improve skin texture, reduce scarring and control oiliness.
Salicylic acid induces the shedding of the outer layer of skin. Essentially it breaks down the bond that keeps dead cells clinging together. If not broken down, this bond can clog pores along with oil, leading to blackheads and whiteheads. The reason salicylic acid is able to give such a deep clean is because it can penetrate deep into the pore lining. It is therefore able to exfoliate inside the pore as well as the surface of the skin, helping to clear congested skin. They also penetrate deep within the pores to liquify dirt, oil, and dead cells. This helps to decongest and purify even further. They’re most suitable for blemish prone, oily, or congested skin. BHA’s can actually be used on all skin types including sensitive or inflamed for their calming, anti-inflammatory properties.
Citric acid is a natural skin scrubber, and is very effective for de-pigmenting your skin It will make your skin tone uniform. Getting rid of dead cells opens the pores of your skin, thus making way for the penetration of skincare products. Another benefit of citric acid is that it helps loosen the damaged layers of skin.
An important note is that if your skin reacts to acids, wear a strong sunscreen.